• Michael Laxer

National Liberation Front of South Vietnam Founded, December 20, 1960


The North and the South in One House -- Vietnamese Poster


On December 20, 1960 the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF) was formed to fight for the "national union of the entire population of South Vietnam".


The NLF issued a proclamation that had ten central points including demands for independence, land reform, equality for women and minorities and the reunification of Vietnam.


Despite many years of brutal war and struggle against the military forces and bombings of the most powerful imperialist country in the world, the Vietnamese people would triumph and liberate South Vietnam in 1975.


Text:


December 20. — Creation of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (N.L.F.), who recommends national union of the entire population of South Vietnam, regardless of their political opinions, with the view of overthrowing the yoke of the U.S. imperialists and their lackeys, to install a national coalition government in order to realize independence, democracy, peace, neutrality and to proceed towards the peaceful reunification of the Fatherland. (Document No.42.)


PROGRAM OF THE NATIONAL LIBERATION FRONT OF SOUTH VIETNAM December 1960 (Extracts)


1. — Overthrow the camouflaged colonial regime of the American imperialists and the dictatorial power of Ngo Dinh Diem, puppet of the Americans; institute a Government of national democratic union.

2. — Institute a largely progressist and democratic regime.

3. — Build an independent and sovereign economy; improve the living conditions of the people.

4. — Reduce land rent; progress towards a solution of the agrarian problem by giving land to the tillers.

5. — Develop a national and democratic culture and education.

6. — Build an army to defend the Fatherland and protect the people.

7. — Guarantee equality between all minorities and between sexes; protect the legitimate interests of foreign citizens residing in Vietnam and of Vietnamese citizens residing abroad.

8. — Promote a foreign policy of peace and neutrality.

9. — Re-establish normal relations between North and South; Progress towards peaceful reunification of the country.

10. — Struggle against aggressive wars; actively defend universal peace.


- from Chronology of the Vietnam War, Democratic Republic of Vietnam Commission for the Investigation of US Imperialists' War Crimes in Vietnam.

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